Saturday, May 30, 2020
Controlled Substance Act: The Legalization of Marijuana The Controlled Substances Act (CSA) was approved by the Congress in 1970. Section II of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act, is the federal U.S. drug policy that controls the custody, use, engineering and import of specific controlled substances. The drugs listed in the CSA fall under different categories; the categories are known as schedules. The legislation created 5 schedules with different explanations for a substance to be contained within in each. The schedule one drugs are viewed as extremely dangerous while the drugs listed on schedule five are not as dangerous (drugpolicy.org). Some of the drugs listed under the act are as less harmless than nicotine, caffeine and alcohol. One of the drugs I believe should be removed from the list is marijuana for various different reasons. During the 1920s many Mexican immigrants fled to the United States for work. With them, many of them brought marijuana. The act of smoking marijuana was picked up on by many musicians during the 1920s and 1930s, but was not used widespread until the 1960s. During the 1930s, a marijuana conviction could result in up to a six month sentence. In 1937, the Treasury Department established a marijuana transfer tax known as the Marihuana Tax Act of 1937, after testifying before Congress. After 1937 up until the passing of the Comprehensive Drug Abuse Act of 1970, which include the Controlled Substance Act of 1970, marijuana was legally controlled through a transfer tax. MarijuanaÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢s classification as a schedule I drug means that the DEA defines it as a Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âdrug with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuseÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Hirst, 2013). Hirst contends that this illegal status of the drug has been a major impediment facilitating research that would evaluate potential benefits of the drug. The author also points out that Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âa compli cated federal approval process and limited availability of research-grade marijuana add to the difficultyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã (Hirst, 2013). Classifying it to a Schedule II drug, according to the author, would mean that it is still considered harmful, but it would acknowledge that the drug has Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âpotential medical valueÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã and, therefore, facilitate research (Hirst, 2013). On the other hand, marijuana can become psychologically addictive. A psychological addiction occurs when the cravings for a drug are emotional. But, canÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã¢â ¢t anything become addictive? Caffeine, alcohol, and video games are three common propensities, and they are perfectly legal. Yes, some people get Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âhookedÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã on marijuana and are overcome by the desire to have it in their system. That also happens with caffeine and alcohol, does it not? Indeed, marijuana is just like everything else, an addiction if you allow yourself to perceive it that way. In fac t, the human mind is one of the most omnipotent things in the world; you can convince yourself to believe just about anything you want to, hence leaving room for psychological addictions. Accordingly, addictions like caffeine, alcohol, and video games can be prevented by limiting your intake/playing time and keeping your mind in line with the facts. The Controlled Substances Act of 1970 led to several other laws being formed that would further criminalize marijuana and other recreational drugs. One year after the establishment of the Controlled Substances Act, President Nixon declared the War on Drugs. This attempt to control recreational drug use among Americans is seen today as one of the biggest failures and biggest wastes of money in American history. Every year hundreds of thousands to millions of people are arrest for drug violations. About half of these arrests are for small amounts of marijuana. In 1973, New York States legislature passed the Rockefeller Drug Laws. These laws would give long prison sentences for drug offenders. These offenses were most commonly for the sale or possession of small amounts of illicit drugs like marijuana. Since the inception of the Rockefeller Drug Laws, over 150,000 New Yorkers have been sent to prison for non-violent drug offenses. Between the years of 1974 and 2002, the prison population in New York rose by almost 500%. Marijuana is the most common illegal drug used in the United States with roughly 100 million Americans admitting to trying marijuana at least once. The U.S. has the largest prison population in the world, with about 2.3 million behind bars. More than half a million of those people are incarcerated for a drug law violation (cnn.com). The government currently spends billions of dollars every year to chase peaceful people who happen to like to use marijuana as a relaxer, such as people who us alcohol or tobacco. These people get locked up in prison and the taxpayers have to pay the bill. We have to pay for food, housing, healthcare, attorney fees, court costs, and other expenses to lock up people who use marijuana on their own time. A Pew study says it costs the U.S. an average of $30,000 a year to incarcerate an inmate, but the nation spends only an average $11,665 per public school student. The future of our nations and our children should be our priority. We should be helping people addicted to drugs break their habits rather than putting users in prison (cnn.com). The government estimated if marijuana were to be taxed in the same manner as tobacco and alcohol it would bring in nearly 50 billion in tax income yearly. Estimated annual revenue in the state of California alone would raise $1,400,000,000 if it taxed and regulated the sale of marijuana (drugpolicy.org). Legalizing marijuana would save the U.S. a yearly total of $41 billion by not enforcing marijuana arrest; this money can be used for health and educational benefits. Advocates of medical marijuana claim that t he drug can be a safe and effective treatment for the symptoms of AIDS, Cancer, glaucoma, pain, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, and other conditions. The government should legalize marijuana for medical and recreational use to help patients, create tax revenue, and end the non-stop war on drugs. People can decide whether or not they want to use marijuana. The government only has the right to limit the choice of an individual only if the action endangers someone else. When talking about marijuana this should not apply because those who choose to use marijuana on his or her free will. The government also may have a right to limit individual actions if the actions pose a significant threat to the individual. But this argument does not logically apply to marijuana because marijuana is far less dangerous than some drugs which are legal, such as alcohol and tobacco. Then legalization might reduce the likelihood of moving on to harder drugs. References Hirst, J. E. (2013), Ã ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã âHealth Effects of Medical Marijuana still HazyÃ ¢Ã¢â ¬Ã Providence Journal. Title 21 United States Code Controlled Substances Act Public Law 91-513 Drug War Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2014, from https://www.drugpolicy.org/drug-war-statistics Ferner, M. (n.d.). One Marijuana Arrest Occurs Every 42 Seconds In U.S.: FBI Report. Retrieved December 14, 2014, from https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/29/one-marijuana-arrest-occu_n_2041236.html Marijuana Policy Project. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2014, from https://www.mpp.org/media/op-eds/the-war-of-pot-americas-42.html (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2014, from https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/dope/etc/cron.html War on drugs a trillion-dollar failure CNN.com. (n.d.). Retrieved January 25, 2015, from https://www.cnn.com/2012/12/06/opinion/branson-end-war-on-drugs/ Drug War Statistics. (n.d.). Retrieved January 25, 2015, from https://www.drugpolicy.org/drug-war-statistics
Saturday, May 16, 2020
During the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s when I was growing up, children always came after marriage. If a woman had a baby out-of-wedlock, her family would frequently be disgraced. More often then not she would marry the babyÃ¢â¬â¢s father, but somewhere between then and now, things changed. Today, having a baby out-of-wedlock has become very acceptable. As a matter of fact, being unemployed, unmarried, or poor is no longer a concern. That is to say, expectant mothers can depend on government support if they are income eligible. The first problem associated with these programs is that for a large number of these women and their familiesÃ¢â¬â¢ welfare has turned into a long-term dependency. The second dilemma is that their welfare lifestyle has created many of our nationÃ¢â¬â¢sÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The problem is that this need has progressively developed into a chronic dependency, very similar to an addiction. While it arguably makes perfect sense for these women to use the system to their advantage, the real issue is that many of them are actually abusing it. For example mothers on welfare continue to have more children without any concern about taking financial responsibility for supporting them. Neither do they identify or marry the father. The truth is that welfare was not intended as a long term solution but as a temporary fix to help people during hard times. Regrettable women, in particular, become trapped within this system and here is where the system has failed. Hence, one of the intentions of the Ã¢â¬Å"family capÃ¢â¬ is to discourage this obvious dependency on welfare. Historically, public assistance was created to help prevent many of our nationÃ¢â¬â¢s social problems. It started with the Social Security Act of 1935. This act included a comprehensive welfare system that according to Kelly J. Gastley was not only a Ã¢â¬Å"financial safety net for poor and needy AmericansÃ¢â¬ but also the Ã¢â¬Å"center of great political controversy.Ã¢â¬ The ADC, Aid to Dependent Children was one of the programs created by the Social Security Act. It was intended to help widows and provide support for their families. According to Michael Tanner and Tad DeHaven, by 1956 Ã¢â¬Å"600,000 families were receiving welfareShow MoreRelatedEuropean Competition Law And Policy1335 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesfoundation. First, this essay will give a brief outline of competition and the significance of competition law and policy. Subsequently, this essay will give an explanation of the values behind European competition law and policy, which are consumer welfare, economic eff iciency and economic freedom. The values will incorporate Articles 101 and 102 TFEU along with reference to the Chicago school of competition analysis and ordoliberalism. Competition occurs in a free market economy where firms will endeavourRead MoreWelfare-Friendly Practices in Farming741 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesfarming. Livestock and poultry producers face a tremendous amount of pressure from the public to introduce environmental standards and welfare-friendly practices into their farming. Farmers, in response, often go beyond the demands and expectations in order to meet consumers requests. However, Siegford et al (2008)show through various examples that animal welfare and environmental stewardship may be projects that have opposite objectives. One example is the high fiber diets of pasture-based dairyRead MoreThe World Organizational And Industrial System Essay1701 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesINTRODUCTION The world organizational and industrial system since inception has undergone and improves organizational and industrial system. 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In the introduction of her book, Alexander immediately paints the harsh reality of mass incarceration with the sto ry of Jarvious Cotton who is denied the right to vote among other rights becauseRead MoreThe Implications of Current Child Policy for the Welfare of Children1466 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Implications of Current Child Policy for the Welfare of Children Children in the United Kingdom are key consumers of social policy. They consume a vast amount of the many services provided by this Country. Services such as health care through Doctors, hospitals and clinics, the education system which is largely devoted financially to the schooling of young people, and also the social security system which is stretched by children whose parents are in need of income Read MoreEssay on Religion and the Development of the Western World1109 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesand this feeling was reflected in their religion. The great gods of the day were unconcerned with human welfare. They were in control of the forces of nature and were the source of authority for the rulers. Both inspired fear and veneration in the populace and the people created lesser gods as guardian intercessors to assuage the insecurity of their world. Although the Sumerians developed systems of writing and mathematics, the use of these arts was restricted to an elite upper class while the majorityRead MoreReligion and the Development of the Western World1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesthis feeling was reflected in their religion. The great gods of the day were unconcerned with human welfare. They were in control of the forces of nature and were the source of authority for the rulers. Both inspired fear and veneration i n the populace and the people created lesser gods as guardian intercessors to assuage the insecurity of their world. Although the Sumerians developed systems of writing and mathematics, the use of these arts was restricted to an elite upper class while the majorityRead MoreInfluence of Colonialism in Africa and Latin America Essay519 Words Ã |Ã 3 Pagesderive the benefits and detriments. Political development in both Africa and Latin America relys quite heavily on the institutions introduced by imperialists. Boahen claims that the introduction of a new beauracracy and a new judicial system into Africa as a beneficial social impact. The republican form of government adopted in Latin America are similar to the bureaucracies adopted in Africa in the sense that both have been adopted from similar western political systems which were put forth toRead MoreSocial Security During The United States1518 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesSocial Security in the United States I. Introduction Social security in the United States is a federal system run by the Social Security Administration to provide monetary benefits, or welfare, to citizens who are retired, unemployed, or disabled. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt enacted the Social Security Act which limited the dangers of old age, unemployment, disability, and families with dependent children within the United States during the great depression. In order to obtainRead MoreThe Linguistics Of Color Blind Racism1262 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesstopped doing. Ah, welfare system got to be very, very easy. And IÃ¢â¬â¢m not saying all, thereÃ¢â¬â¢s many, many white people on welfare that shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be. But if you take the percentage in the tri-city country area, you will nd that the majority are white, but all you see is the black people on welfare, but itÃ¢â¬â¢s a graduation up: : : Thirty years ago they started it and they continued it, and they continued it, and they continued it. And it was easier to collect we!, ah, ah, you now, welfare from the state rather
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Consider the following actions in a soccer game: A player trash talks to the opposing team to mentally get in their heads. A player kicks the ball away to waste time when he dribbled the ball out of bounds. A player pushes an opposing player away because the player accidentally stepped on his foot. Are all of these actions a part of the game? Yes. Are any of these actions virtuous? It would not appear so. Contrary to some beliefs, sport plays an important role in life. It is used as enjoyment, a profession, a bonding of individuals, and a way to stay physically healthy. On top of all this, sport can also build character which can additionally lead to becoming more virtuous. Aristotle said Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦ the things that one who has learned them needs to do, we learn by doingÃ¢â¬ ¦Ã¢â¬ (Nichomachean Ethics 1103a 33-34). By this, Aristotle means that in order to acquire knowledge about something, we must do that thing. Sport provides an excellent opportunity to learn by doing. So, g aining insight on what Aristotle says about virtue can teach athletes important lessons on how using sport can help them to become more virtuous. Before diving into the depths of how one can use athletics to live a more virtuous life, it is important to acquire knowledge on what exactly Aristotle says about living a virtuous life. The telos, or ultimate end, as Aristotle describes for humans, is achieving eudaemonia, or happiness. Ã¢â¬Å"So happiness appears to be something complete and self-sufficient, and is, therefore,Show MoreRelatedHistory of Soccer783 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesHistory Of Soccer a mobile website by saperecom Soccer School in Madrid www.intersoccermaÃ¢â¬ ¦ Soccer Boarding School Internationa Fooball Academy in Madrid, Spain A Brief History Of Soccer The history of soccer reveals that this contemporary game is nearly three thousand years old. 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In soccer there are hardly any pauses in aRead MoreMia Hamm Research paper1743 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages2012 An All-star American Soccer Player Mia Hamm is the most talented womenÃ¢â¬â¢s soccer player in the United States of America to date. She is one of the most recognizable soccer figures for both genders. She has dominated the soccer world since the late 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s, inspiring athletes across the United States and as well as the world. During her years on the U.S WomenÃ¢â¬â¢s National Soccer team, she received numerous awards most notably the title for best all-around female soccer player. Because of these successesRead MoreCaffeine And Sport Performance : Caffeine Is The Most Loved And Widely Used Stimulants1538 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIntroduction: Caffeine and Sport Performance Interestingly, caffeine is the most loved and widely used stimulants in America. 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Each year, millions of soccer players will suffer from a concussion that can lead to severe mental and physical effects, but there are ways to reduce the severity, rules and equipmentRead MoreEssay On Atjus1506 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof your skull. New measures to ensure the safety and future health of athletes like new and improved safety gear, and minor tweaks to rules that wonÃ¢â¬â¢t transform the sport, but it will help prevent injuries and maintain the sport in itÃ¢â¬â¢s entirety. In soccer new regulations do not allow headings below the high school level of the sport, damage to a developing brain at a young age is very harmful to the child, a small change is making a substantial difference. ALS will slowly degenerate all of theRead MoreSpeech : Understanding Head Injuries Essay949 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesInformative Speech Outline Title of speech: Understanding Head Injuries in Soccer Introduction 1. Attention Getter a. Brianna Scurry a two-time Olympic Gold Medalist, goalkeeper for the USA womenÃ¢â¬â¢s soccer team. Ã¢â¬Å"It was the crowning moment of her careerÃ¢â¬ stated by Washington Post, Ã¢â¬Å"a shootout save in the 1999 World Cup Final against China- was a dramatic, across the goal dive memorialized on sports pages around the world. Surry Yelled and fist pumped but she didnÃ¢â¬â¢t really smileÃ¢â¬ . (Dewey, 2013)Read MoreThe Effect Of Physics On Soccer And How It Impacts The Overall Game1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesCowans 1 PHYSICS OF SOCCER Tatiyana Cowans Physics Ms.Moore 11/3/2015 Cowans 2 NEWTONS LAWS OF MOTION Soccer is an International sport played all over the world. Soccer consist of two teams trying to score a soccer ball into a goal on the opposing teamÃ¢â¬â¢s side of the field without using their arms or hands. This sport is straightforward and simple, but relates to physics in many ways. The basic movement of kicking a soccer ball requires force, the
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Friday, April 17, 2020
The happiest moment in my life actually occurred quite recently. It all began in junior year, where I had the greatest English teacher imaginable- fun, smart, and engaging. Mrs. Jerabeks class was so comfortable, I didnt even think I was learning. Thats when I realized exactly how much I had learned: more than any other class before. This was a class I would never forget. Throughout the year, we were given writing assignments exploring the various forms of creative writing. Everything I wrote was near and dear to my heart, something that had never happened before. Somehow I channeled deep emotion into my writing. One in particular continually brings me to tears: a poem entitled, 1915 Never Again. It describes the Armenian Genocides effect on the existence of our people; however, nowhere did I mention the word Armenia. In our writing groups, my classmate remarked, Are you talking about World War One? It sounds just like it. We will write a custom essay sample on Writing or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Suddenly, my simple poem had transformed into a voice for every war, every genocide, every tragedy throughout history. This past summer I applied for numerous scholarships, including a poem contest from the Live Poets Society of New Jersey. I decided to submit my only poem in the Of Faith and Inspiration category. Having been busy applying to others, I didnt think much of it. To my surprise, as I checked my e-mail one day, I saw a message from the LPSNJ: CONGRATULATIONS! It is our extreme pleasure to inform you that our judges have selected your poem for publication as a Topical Winner in American High School Poets, Of Faith and Inspiration, 2011. I had to read it twice before I broke the news to my parents. I couldnt believe it. My poem was going to be published in an anthology with other young writers worksI was going to be in a book! I then ordered a copy of this glorious publication and informed Mrs. Jerabek of my newfound achievement, who replied with great words of encouragement. The anthology will be published in December and at that time I will be a published poet. I had never before dreamed of this. I knew I was a good writer, but Mrs. Jerabek instilled in me the confidence and creativity to fully believe in my ability. In fact, she even recommended my involvement in Orange County Cappies. And as a result, one of my theater reviews was recently published in the OC Register! I am currently submitting my poem to Armenian publications, such as the Armenian Observer and The Zankag. Only in her class did I ever consider the possibility, nay, the necessity, of writing in my future career. Never before had I felt so accomplished and proud of myself- this was truly my greatest moment!
Friday, March 13, 2020
How Much Does It Cost to Hire a Book Publicist How much does a book publicist cost? The short answer is fees vary mainly according to the services offered and the size of the firm you hire, but for the most part it is a commitment that will likely run you thousands, not hundreds, of dollars. If you were to hire one of the big New York-based firms, you would be talking six figures, and you would be getting a lot more than just a publicist Ã¢â¬â it would be a more holistic PR campaign that includes marketing, messaging, and more. Then there are specific book- and author-related firms that have offices in major urban areas that probablyÃ will charge a significant project fee to start. Any services like event and media booking in tour cities, social media outreach, etc. are billed additionally. On a book- There are companies who offer individual a la carte options for campaigns for less than what it would cost to do a full campaign, including: = Sending your book out to a specific list of reviewers. = Sending a press release out to select radio, TV, print, and online producers/editors. = Radio tours with a guaranteed number of interviews scheduled. = Blog tours with a commitment on the number of reviews that will be posted. = Individual market campaigns, such as a firm that specializes in booking Los Angeles media and events. To minimize your costs, you may only ask for a mailing or a blog tour. Some of the businesses that handle these jobs are online-based and you may never actually speak to a person. This is how they keep their prices in the hundreds - If you hire a boutique public relations firm, you will likely either pay a project fee or a monthly retainer. It will depend on what you need and how much you want the company to do for you. The costs related to the kind of relationship with a client that includes individual attention, phone meetings, flexibility, and what I consider to be a long term, quality connection between the client and the firm will definitely run several thousands of dollars. The main considerations are: = What kinds of services do you need? = What kind of relationship do you want to have with the company you are working with? = How much work can you do on your own? What financial resources are reasonably at your disposal? = Can the company you want to work with negotiate with you to give you the best array of services at a price that is mutually agreeable? = Can you purchase specific services from the same company that will give you the best of both worlds: a more personalized campaign and lower costs? Public relations is an actual skill that takes a lot of time. Although it is sometimes very hard to measure results, rest assured the time and labor is being spent. Ã I think the most important quality your representative should have is a commitment to you and your work. Ã This person or company is going to help you gain exposure and will actually introduce your book to the world in interesting ways. So when you are looking for a publicist know that the old adage rings trueÃ¢â¬â Ã¢â¬Å"you get what you pay forÃ¢â¬ Ã¢â¬âand if you are looking for someone who is going to work hard on your behalf, it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t going to be cheap.
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Micro economics - Essay Example Moreover, a shift in other variables with price as an exception would cause a shift in the whole of the demand curve. The shift in the whole demand curve can be attained to be a shift in demand. Income Certain changes or alterations in income may mean increases or decreases in demand. A commodity whose demand tends to rise with a corresponding rise in income can be called a normal commodity. A commodity whose demand falls with a corresponding increase in income can be called an inferior commodity. This means that increases in income would tend to increase the demand for the mp3 player in the market. This is hence true since this is economically measures by economic experts in the economic field. Prices of other commodities Slight alterations or changes in the pricing of other commodities may result to a rise or fall in demand. A commodity that results to a rise in demand for another commodity when its price tends to increase can be called a substitute commodity. A commodity that brin gs about a fall in demand for another commodity when its price tends to rise can be referred to as a complementary commodity. This ultimately means that, an increase in the price of the mp3 player of another manufacturer or brand, may result to a corresponding rise in the demand of the original mp3 player in question, since it may be used as a substitute for the other commodity. Even if, one takes the case of beverage giants in the name of Coke and Pepsi, one realizes that an increase in the price of Pepsi would result in the rise, in demand of Coke. This is solely because these two products can be considered to be substitutes. . Number of buyers in the market A rise in the number of buyers, both potential and current buyers, would result to a rise in the demand for the mp3 player. Demand can be mainly based on the rise of population in that area. Future pricing actions A rise in the anticipated future prices of a commodity would certainly tend to cause a rise in the current demand. A fall in the anticipated future prices of a commodity would certainly decrease the future price. So a firm must highly be considered its future pricing of the mp3 player in question. Consumer tastes and preferences Shifting of the demand curve may also arise due to changes in the consumer tastes and preferences. If the consumersÃ¢â¬â¢ taste changes and starts liking more of the mp3 player, there would be a consistent rise in the quantity demanded. Derived quality Shift in the demand curve can be as a result of changes in the quality derived from the mp3 player by the consumer. If commodities produced are of a higher quality than the rival commodity, then this would bring a rightward shift of the demand curve (Heigy 1945, p.453). 2. The demand and supply schedules for wheat in a free market are as follows: Price per tonne (?) 120 160 200 240 280 320 360 400 Tonnes demanded per week 725 700 675 650 600 550 500 425 Tonnes supplied per week 225 300 400 500 600 750 1000 1300 I. Draw and briefly comment the demand and supply curves on the following diagram II. Define what is the equilibrium price and state what the equilibrium price is from your graph ? The equilibrium price is 280. The equilibrium price from my graph is 260. III. Suppose the government fixes a maximum price of ?200 per tonne. What will be the effect? Suppose the government fixes a price ceiling of 200 per tonne, it would result to certain effects. First, a disequilibrium